Fun Facts and Horse Trivia from Equine America

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equine-americaHorses are one of the popularly domesticated animals today. Their relationship with humans date far and beyond and up to today, they’ve proven to be quite a favorite particularly in the field of leisure and sports. Today with Equine America, we made a list of fun facts and trivia about horses that might sound news to you! Check them out and let’s have some fun!

  • An adult horse’s brain weights about 22 oz. That’s the same mass as a regulated NBA basketball and half that of the human brain. It’s also pretty smaller in size, just as huge as that of a baked potato.
  • Chariot racing was part of the earliest Olympic game lineup and considered the most important and popular of the equestrian games. It was first added in 680 BC and came in two and four-horse races.
  • Horse hooves are like the fingernail to equines. It will take approximately 9 to 12 months to completely grow an entire one back.
  • Horses can sleep both standing up and lying down. They can lock their leg muscles so they won’t topple over should they snooze on all fours. Cool huh?
  • Leonardo da Vinci, famous Italian polymath known for his paintings like the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper was known to fondly make sketches of the animal.
  • Their ears are also great indicators of their attention. If you want to know where they are looking without having to check their eyes, see where their ears pint to. It also helps that they have16 muscles in each ear and can rotate them 180 degrees.
  • Their sense of sight is pretty peculiar. They can see better at night compared to humans but will take more time adjusting from light to dark and vice versa. Each of their eyes can see different images at the same time and almost completely around its entire body except directly behind, underneath its head and in front of its face.
  • They cannot vomit. This is because of their cut-off valve muscle and the angle in by which their esophagus meets the stomach thus creating a tight shut.
  • They like anything sweet and are particularly not a fan of sour and bitter tasting food. This is also the reason why they have a penchant for sweeter treats like apples and strawberries.

So which among these fun facts from Equine America surprised you the most?


How to Clean a Horse’s Hoof

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horse hoof cleaningOne of the vital tasks that any horse owner must be able to master is the cleaning or picking of the hooves. This is important to ensure not only sanitation but also the avoidance of injury, infection and certain ailments like laminitis. Today, we will be discussing a basic tutorial on how to do this.

Cleaning is done using a tool called a hoof pick. The main goal is to remove compacted debris like mud, dirt, stone and similar other items that may have found its way in. These can eventually cause pain and injury which can lead to injury or even lameness. Experts suggest that picking must be done on a daily basis, before and after the horse is taken out for a ride.

#1: Ready the animal. See to it that they are calm, not panicky, anxious or irritable. Bring them to a secluded or quiet area. Tie them up but make sure that it isn’t too tight so in case they panic they won’t get hurt or strangled.

#2: Begin with one side. Carefully approach one side and stroke the neck and shoulders gently. Stand by the shoulder and turn your body to face the tail. Put one leg slightly in front of the other for better balance.

#3: Give warning. Run your hand down its leg and tap the back of it. This will introduce the horse to what you are able to do allowing him time to square up.

#4: Life the leg. You can squeeze above the fetlock if the horse doesn’t automatically do so itself. This will take some getting used to. After which, provide support. With the hand closest to the body, support the hoof allowing the other hand to take hold of the pick.

#5: Start picking. With the hoof on hand, begin by removing any debris from the frog using your fingers or a brush. This part is very sensitive so pay extra caution. Once done, use the pick to loosen up the packed debris, dirt and stones. Continue until the horn becomes visible. When everything has been removed and cleaned, examine the foot for any injury, crack, abnormal heat or sore spots. If any, call the doctor immediately.

Caring for your horse’s hooves is very important.Remember the old adage, no hooves means no horse.

Parasites in Horses

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horse parasiteOne of the most common and fatal digestive dilemmas that befall horses would have to be parasitic infections. Not only are they a health issue for the animal but they can also pose threats to the others inside the barn or stables. To battle it out, knowledge has to be above par because we can’t exactly fight off an enemy we don’t know. This is why today we’ve asked the experts from Global Herbs to introduce to us the common parasites that make life a living hell for our friendly horses.

ASCARIDS or more commonly known as round worms are plump white worms that can grow up to 12 inches long. It primarily affects but is not exclusive to foals. They are contracted by ingestion of eggs which can be found in pastures, paddocks and contaminated soil. Infected foals will show. Its signs will include loss of appetite, lack of energy, colic and even intestinal blockage in the intestines and perforation.

HORSE BOTS are the larvae of Bot flies and are found to linger in the stomach. It is contracted when the adult fly lays its eggs on the horse where it sticks to the coat or hair. When dampened with sweat, the eggs hatch and the larvae are carried into the mouth as the animal grooms itself. Soon enough, it passes and burrows itself in the stomach. They can cause wounds and ulceration in both the mouth and the stomach.

TAPEWORMS are found in the stomach and both the small and large intestines. They begin when the horse ingests pasture mites that have come to be infected by tapeworm eggs. As the larvae travels down the digestive tract, it brings about mild to severe symptoms depending on the gravity of the infection. The horse can suffer from ulceration, abdominal infection, recurring colic and weight loss.

LARGE STRONGYLES are also known as red or blood worms. They are ingested from forage (e.g. grass and hay) that have become unsterile by being contaminated with feces. The initial point of entry would have to be the intestines but as they grow, they migrate to the blood vessels and other organs in the body thus their name. Large strongyles bring about anemia, diarrhea, weight loss, poor appetite, weakness, colic, intussusceptions of intestinal tissues, bleeding, rupture of the digestive tract and even damage to the central nervous system.

These horse parasites can be treated in several ways and it is best to consult and seek medical help from a veterinarian immediately. Apart from proper nutrition, sanitation is also a key instrument to ward them off says Global Herbs.

Nutrients for Maximum Health

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equiboxNutrition is a huge part when it comes to equine care. Feeding and providing the right supplements and care to one’s horses is needed to ensure their maximum health and productivity. Horses that are out of shape are not only susceptible to diseases but they too become more vulnerable to accidents and injuries. That said, we teamed up with to bring you the following list of nutrients to ensure maximum care for your horses.


Dehydration is the number one cause of death among these animals so adequate levels of water intake are necessary. On average, they are to consume 2 liters of water for every pound of hay consumed. A 500 kg animal will drink up from 30-45 liters of water on a daily basis with lactating mares needing more. This will also increase depending on the climate and the size of the animal.


This is the integral source of energy in their bodies and must therefore be present. This is the content of most feeds in the market. The needs of every animal will always be unique depending on which category they fall under: maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation or work.

  • FAT

Adequate and healthy levels of fat are needed in equine care. Fat is stored energy and it is very much needed in certain cases, the winter months for example where animals tend to shed pounds and eat less. However, constant check is required to avoid feeding them with too much as obesity is a health risk as well.


Minerals form an integral aspect of equine care too as they aid in the support of various functional needs. Calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur are needed in relatively high amounts compared to others like cobalt, copper, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc.


A building block for muscle development, protein must be part of their daily nutrition for growth and exercise agility. Absence or lack of it can result to unhealthy and coarse hair coat, stunted growth, poor milk production, weight loss, high injury rates and poor performance.


According to Equine America, horses need a significant level of Vitamins A, B-complex, C, D, E and K in their diets. Majority of these vitamins are found in the roughage and feeds that are given to the animals but certain cases will necessitate for added supplements which must of course be done under veterinary supervision.

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Topspec: Equine Feeding for the Winter

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Topspec feedWinter is considered to be a harsh if not the harshest season for everyone, human, plant and animal alike. For horses, the season can pose certain threats as the dipping temperature will create a drastic change in body needs and nutritional requirements. More than ever, owners will have to ensure proper and better nutrition to keep them healthy and in great condition. Today, we’ll be discussing some equine feeding tips with the help of the Topsec team. Let’s begin.

  1. Provide ample roughage. Hay for example is necessary for metabolism and proper digestion. Apart from this, the digestion of the fiber creates more heat within the body to keep warm. It’s basically a win-win situation. Make sure that you have ample stock on you because prices can get pretty high when winter comes close or is already at hand.
  2. Stock up on fat. Obese horses are not healthy but a substantial and healthy amount of fat is still an important part of the body as it not only pertains to stored energy but it also adds a level of insulation during the colder months. Before winter begins, add an extra layer of fat. The lower the temperatures are, the more energy a horse will require keeping warm. It’s easier for them to shed the weight during the chill than to gain it back when it is warmer.
  3. Add extra calories. In the event that the horses still lose a lot of weight, adding at least 4 ounces to 8 ounces of corn oil to their grain meals would be beneficial. Don’t give them any more than that. If the problem still persists, contact the nearest vet immediately.
  4. Keep water in check. Hydration is important all year round. During the wintry months, make sure that their water does not freeze or go icy cold. Horses are best given liquids that are from 7 ºC to 18 ºC. An adult hours with approximately 500 kg in weight that isn’t lactating or being exposed to strenuous activity requires at least 25 to 35 liters of water every day. Lack of ample hydration during this time of the year increases risks of impaction colic.
  5. Check their digestive tracts. All the feeds, supplements and diet would be futile if the animals cannot digest them properly. This is why deworming prior to winter is essential. This should of course be under the supervision and order of a veterinarian says Topsec reseller,

Global Herbs: Tips on Proper Equine Feeding

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global-herbs-horseWhen it comes to equine care, proper nourishment is a very crucial matter that must be given adequate attention. Care and caution must be had when choosing and handling the food that you provide for your horses. After all, it’s where they draw nutrients and strength from. But remember that there’s more to it than just “feeding” and today we’ll be dishing out some tips on how to do it right with team at Global Herbs.

Tip #1: Put it into balance. – There should be a good mix of protein, vitamins and fiber in their diet. It shouldn’t be a case of “one will suffice” because animals will need a balanced nutrition in order to achieve and maintain optimum health and condition.

Tip #2: Don’t skimp on the roughage. – Horses are by nature meant to eat roughage. It is their primary source of calories and aids in good digestion. As a matter of fact, it is suggested that they consume an amount equivalent to at least one or two percent of their body weight. If grazing won’t suffice due to certain constraints, providing enough hay in the stables would be good enough.

Tip #3: Maintain a healthy weight. – Just like all other leaving creatures, these animals need to stay within the scale. Malnourishment or obesity can put a strain on their health and raise risks. Make sure that you avoid over feeding them and always keep track of their sizes and weight.

Tip #4: Provide for their unique needs. – Not all horses are the same. Depending on certain factors like breed, age, gender, health, etcetera, the food that they will take can vary in type, denomination and frequency. Never generalize and when in doubt, ask a nutritionist or doctor for assistance.

Tip #5: Stick to a feeding routine. – This will not only help in training and building good habits but it shall also aid in adequate nourishment. Horses have a very sensitive body clock and they can be ticked or put off by untimely and constantly switching schedules.

Tip #6: Say no to exercise before and after food. – As a rule of thumb, horses should be fed at least an hour before or after you take them on a ride. For more strenuous activities, this should be raised to three hours at the minimum. When horses have food in their stomachs, Global Herbs experts from, say that this creates less room for the lungs to work making movement very stressful posing various health hazards.


Why Choose “Formula 4 Feet”?

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formula 4 feet

Choosing the right feeds, nutrients and supplements is one of the most crucial tasks when it comes to taking care of horses. Owners must see to it that they are of tiptop shape and that their hooves, the horny part of their feet, are in good condition. When it comes to excellence in that region, Formula 4 Feet is definitely one of the leading players in the industry today. But what makes it tick? What makes it one of the best?

Formula 4 Feet is one of the United Kingdom’s leading hoof and laminitis supplement developed by the Laminitis Clinic, a distribution arm of EquiLife Ltd. It was developed by Robert Eustace FRCVS, Director of the Laminitis Clinic, in collaboration with Dr. David Frape, the UK’s leading equine nutritionist.

Both professionals have seen the increasing amount of GM-based equine supplements in the market which poses risks both to animals and to the environment. Because of this, they developed and formulated the very first non-GM hoof supplement in the world ensuring the highest of standards, drug free use and a UFAS approval with compliance to ISO 9001 standards.

The product is widely celebrated for packing in 65 nutrients in a single highly palatable pellet that helps ensure optimum health and strong feet for horses. To be specific, it contains 18 amino acids, 16 minerals, 13 vitamins, 4 antioxidants, and essential fatty acids among others.

Formula 4 Feet contains magnesium, phosphorous and calcium which are essential in bone, joint and hoof horn health. There’s also methionine which is a type of amino acid containing natural sulphur and phospholipids which work to help keep infection at bay. It contains zinc that helps correct any growth abnormality in the hoof horn and the skin and Vitamin D for healthy bone development. It also provides the daily required 20mg of biotin for 450 kilogram horses which is a requisite in ensuring continuous hoof improvement. The supplement is free from ingredients of animal or mollusk origin and contains no cereals and no added selenium.

Formula 4 Feet is an effective supplement not only to ensure health in equine care but also as a rehabilitation measure that provides benefits for horses with poor hoof horn quality, cracked hooves, weak heels and those at risk of laminitis, a painful inflammatory condition of the tissues that bond the hoof wall to the pedal bone in a horse’s hooves.

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