Nutrients for Maximum Health

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equiboxNutrition is a huge part when it comes to equine care. Feeding and providing the right supplements and care to one’s horses is needed to ensure their maximum health and productivity. Horses that are out of shape are not only susceptible to diseases but they too become more vulnerable to accidents and injuries. That said, we teamed up with equi-box.co.uk to bring you the following list of nutrients to ensure maximum care for your horses.

  • WATER

Dehydration is the number one cause of death among these animals so adequate levels of water intake are necessary. On average, they are to consume 2 liters of water for every pound of hay consumed. A 500 kg animal will drink up from 30-45 liters of water on a daily basis with lactating mares needing more. This will also increase depending on the climate and the size of the animal.

  • CARBOHYDRATES

This is the integral source of energy in their bodies and must therefore be present. This is the content of most feeds in the market. The needs of every animal will always be unique depending on which category they fall under: maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation or work.

  • FAT

Adequate and healthy levels of fat are needed in equine care. Fat is stored energy and it is very much needed in certain cases, the winter months for example where animals tend to shed pounds and eat less. However, constant check is required to avoid feeding them with too much as obesity is a health risk as well.

  • MINERALS

Minerals form an integral aspect of equine care too as they aid in the support of various functional needs. Calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur are needed in relatively high amounts compared to others like cobalt, copper, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc.

  • PROTEIN

A building block for muscle development, protein must be part of their daily nutrition for growth and exercise agility. Absence or lack of it can result to unhealthy and coarse hair coat, stunted growth, poor milk production, weight loss, high injury rates and poor performance.

  • VITAMINS

According to Equine America, horses need a significant level of Vitamins A, B-complex, C, D, E and K in their diets. Majority of these vitamins are found in the roughage and feeds that are given to the animals but certain cases will necessitate for added supplements which must of course be done under veterinary supervision.

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Topspec: Equine Feeding for the Winter

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Topspec feedWinter is considered to be a harsh if not the harshest season for everyone, human, plant and animal alike. For horses, the season can pose certain threats as the dipping temperature will create a drastic change in body needs and nutritional requirements. More than ever, owners will have to ensure proper and better nutrition to keep them healthy and in great condition. Today, we’ll be discussing some equine feeding tips with the help of the Topsec team. Let’s begin.

  1. Provide ample roughage. Hay for example is necessary for metabolism and proper digestion. Apart from this, the digestion of the fiber creates more heat within the body to keep warm. It’s basically a win-win situation. Make sure that you have ample stock on you because prices can get pretty high when winter comes close or is already at hand.
  2. Stock up on fat. Obese horses are not healthy but a substantial and healthy amount of fat is still an important part of the body as it not only pertains to stored energy but it also adds a level of insulation during the colder months. Before winter begins, add an extra layer of fat. The lower the temperatures are, the more energy a horse will require keeping warm. It’s easier for them to shed the weight during the chill than to gain it back when it is warmer.
  3. Add extra calories. In the event that the horses still lose a lot of weight, adding at least 4 ounces to 8 ounces of corn oil to their grain meals would be beneficial. Don’t give them any more than that. If the problem still persists, contact the nearest vet immediately.
  4. Keep water in check. Hydration is important all year round. During the wintry months, make sure that their water does not freeze or go icy cold. Horses are best given liquids that are from 7 ºC to 18 ºC. An adult hours with approximately 500 kg in weight that isn’t lactating or being exposed to strenuous activity requires at least 25 to 35 liters of water every day. Lack of ample hydration during this time of the year increases risks of impaction colic.
  5. Check their digestive tracts. All the feeds, supplements and diet would be futile if the animals cannot digest them properly. This is why deworming prior to winter is essential. This should of course be under the supervision and order of a veterinarian says Topsec reseller, Equi-box.co.uk.